Kythnos is an island in the Cyclades group in the Aegean Sea. The island is home to more than 70 beaches, though many of them are inaccessible by road. Thermal baths can be found on the northern side of the island of Kythnos, in the village of Loutra (which means baths in Greek). These baths have a long history on the island. Since ancient times they are believed to be able to heal many diseases. The highest peak on the island of Kythnos is Kakovoulo at 355 meters. Kakovoulo is on the northwestern side of the island. The island is well-known for its low hills, golden beaches, and seaside villages.
Kythnos is one of the oldest known habitations in the Cyclades group. This was a Mesolithic settlement at Maroulas between 10000 BC and 8000 BC. Large portions of the settlement have eroded into the sea, but excavations done in 1996 found complete human skeletons, stone artifacts, and a portion of floor pavement. It is thought these settlers were hunter-gatherers.
Under Ottoman rule, the island of Kythnos would enjoy religious freedom. But in 165 Rome would suppress the diocese of Thermia. It was a poor and under-populated place that was vulnerable to pirate attacks and frequent epidemics. Much of the island’s population would succumb to the plague of 1823, but it would still be one of the first islands to revolt against the Turks and join mainland Greece in the fight for independence. During the reign of the first Greek king, the island of Kythnos would become a place of exile for political prisoners. It was also the location of the unsuccessful revolt in 1862 by rebels from Syros who tried to free the prisoners.
Administrative Region for Kythnos Island, Greece
Area of Kythnos Island, Greece
100.2 km2 (38.7 sq mi)
Population of Kythnos Island, Greece
Top Attractions in Kythnos Island, Greece
Church of Panagia Kanala – Located in Kanala. The most well-known of the Cycladic churches on Kythnos. This church is considered the protector of the island.
Byzantine Museum – The Byzantine Ecclesiastical Museum is located in Driopida. It features holy icons, golden crosses from the 18th century, and other ecclesiastical items. The museum is housed in the church of Agios Georgios.
Katafiki Cave – Thought to be one of the biggest caves in Greece, this cave was discovered in 1830s. It is located within walking distance of Driopida. The cave has interesting rock formations and stalagmites.
Loutra Beach – 6 km north of Chora. This beach is close to the thermal spas, making it one of the most popular beaches on the island. The springs flow into the beach, which you will feel in the warmth of the water and may also benefit from its healing properties.
Episkopi Beach – 5 km southwest of Chora. This sandy beach stretched for 500 meters and there is one tavern on site. You can take a water taxi or moped to the beach.
Kalo Livadi Beach – This unorganized beach is located 18 km from Chora. The shore is sandy and seafloor is rocky. The church of Panagia Kalolivadiani is nearby.
Driopida Village – Explore the village of Driopida with its whitewashed houses that feature slanting tile roofs. The narrow streets wind around the houses of the village. You can even see figs trees on the mountains.