Skyros is an island in the Sporades archipelago in the Aegean Sea. The northern part of the island of Skyros is mainly forest and the south is dominated by the highest mountain, Kochila at 792 meters. The area around the mountain is rocky and bare. The capital of the island is Skyros (Chora). The main port, Linaria, is located on the west coast of the island. The name is the island of Skyros may be derived from the word skyron, which means stone debris, due to the island’s decorative stone.
Greek mythology says that Theseus died on the island of Skyros when the local king named Lycomedes threw him off a cliff. The island is also well-known for another myth involving Achilles. It is said that Achilles set sail for Troy after Odysseus discovered him in the court of Lycomedes. The small bay called Achili is supposed to be the place where Achilles left the island with the Greeks.
In 475 BC, Cimon (an Athenian statesman) defeated the Dolopians who were the original inhabitants of the island. From then, Athenian settlers colonized it and the island would become part of the Athenian Empire. Cimon claimed to find the remains of Theseus and took them back to Athens. In 340 BC, the Macedonians would take over the island of Skyros and ruled it until 192 BC. It was at this time that King Philip V of Macedon and the Roman Republic forced restored it to Athens.
Famous English poet Rupert Brooke is buried on the island of Skyros. In 1915 he died on a French hospital-ship that moored off the island. Patrick Shaw- Stewart, a scholar and poet, and William Denis Browne, a British composer and pianist, were at Brooke’s burial.
Administrative Region of Skyros Island, Greece
Area of Skyros Island, Greece
223.10 km2 (86.14 sq mi)
Population of Skyros Island, Greece
Top Attractions in Skyros Island, Greece
Byzantine Castle – Located on a hill, the castle was built to protect the island from enemies. Above the entrance to the castle is an engraved lion. The Monastery Tower of Agios Georgios is inside the castle.
Archaeological Museum – Created in 1967, this museum is located in Chora. Displayed are items found during excavations. The museum contains coins, jewelry, and pottery as well as the folklore collection of L. Kostoris.
Faltaits Folklore Museum – Located in Chora, this museum was established in 1964. It is housed in a Faltaits residence. The musuem showcases items that depict everyday life in different periods of the history of Skyros including maps, tools, books, sculptures, and more.
Grave of Rupert Brooke – In 1915, poet Robert Brooke died on the island of Skyros. His grave sits alone near the bay of Tris Boukes. If you’re hiking in the area, you can stop and visit it.
Molos Beach – 4 km north of Skyros Town. Molos Beach is a long, sandy beach that has a relaxing atmosphere. The chapel of Agios Nikolaos is in close proximity to the beach.
Pefkos Beach – 11 km from Skyros Town. This beach is surrounded by beautiful greenery. The beach is isolated and not organized, but a great place to relax.
Palamari Beach – 13 km northwest of Skyros Town. This is a sandy, unorganized beach, which is secluded. There is a small chapel next to the beach.
Church of Agios Panteleimon – Located in Palamari. You will see this church on your way to or from the Skyros airport. The location offers a wonderful view of the island.
Monastery of Agios Georgios – Located in Skyros Town. Built around 962 AD, this castle stands below the castle. Agios Georgios is the patron saint of the island.