Learning the Prepositions in Greek

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In order to get really good at the Greek language, you need to be familiar with certain grammatical concepts and learn the Greek words that go with them. Prepositions are one of these concepts. According to Webster’s Dictionary, a preposition is:

a function word that typically combines with a noun phrase to form a phrase which usually expresses a modification or predication

Here are some examples of prepositions in English. The preposition word is highlighted in black:

  • Inside the house
  • Outside the car
  • Under the table
  • Around the corner
  • Between the two signs

Prepositions in the Greek Language

There are also prepositions int he Greek language and they are used the same way as they are in English. Here’s a look at the

  • περίπου – peripoo – about
  • άνω – ano – above
  • απέναντι – apenandi – across
  • μετά – meta – after
  • κατά – kata – against
  • μεταξύ των – metaksi ton- among
  • γύρω – yiro – around
  • ως – os – as
  • στο – sto – at
  • προτού – proton – before
  • πίσω – piso – behind
  • παρακάτω – parakato – below
  • κάτω από – kato apo – beneath
  • δίπλα – thipla – beside
  • μεταξύ – metaksi – between
  • πέρα – pera – beyond
  • αλλά – ala – but
  • με – me – by
  • παρά – para – despite
  • κάτω – kato – down
  • κατά τη διάρκεια της – kata ti thiarkia tis
  • εκτός – ektos – except
  • για – ya – for
  • από apo – for
  • σε – se – in, into
  • εντός – endos – inside
  • κοντά – konda – near
  • επόμενη – epomeni – next
  • του – too – of
  • επί – epi – on
  • απέναντι – apenandi – opposite
  • έξω – eksi – out

As you can see, this is a long list. However, you don’t need to feel as if you need to know them all at once. You only need to learn the ones you need, when you need them. Read through the list a few times and pay special attention to the words that you think you might need on a regular basis. As you find the need to say certain words and phrases in Greek, you’ll begin to learn these naturally.


The Learn Greek section on GreekBoston.com was written by Greeks to help people understand the conversational basics of the Greek language. This article is not a substitute for a professional Greek learning program, but a helpful resource for people wanting to learn simple communication in Greek.

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