About the Greek Mythological Children of Cronus
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In Greek mythology, there were essentially three levels of deities. The first level, the primordial deities, included gods and goddesses such as Gaia and Uranus. The primordial gods and goddesses had children, and they represented the second level of Greek deities, or the Titans. Cronus is one of the Titans, and he was essentially the “king of the gods” before Zeus and the other Olympians became the third level of Greek deities. Cronus was the father of many of these Olympians. Here’s a look at who these six children were:
Cronus Was Destined to Be Overthrown by His Sons
Essentially, Cronus came into power by overthrowing his father, Uranus, by castrating him and throwing him in prison. After this happened, Cronus ruled over the deities, but he also learned that he was destined to be overthrown by his children. To prevent that from happening, he swallowed each of his children whole as they were born. However, Zeus, who eventually became king of the gods, was spared because Rhea, his wife, was unwilling to part with yet another of her children. She fooled Cronus into believing that a large rock was his new child, Zeus was hidden and raised independently in a cave. When Zeus came of age, he freed his siblings from Cronus’s insides and after a period of war, the Olympians took over.
Overview of the Children of Cronus
Cronus had a total of seven children, six of whom he had with Rhea, his wife. Each of these children played an important role in Greek mythology. Here’s a look at who his children were and what they were known for:
- Chiron – Chiron was a centaur and he was the only one of Cronus’s children whose mother wasn’t Rhea. His mother was Philyra, an Oceanid. He had certain strengths that are often compared to Apollo’s abilities. He was known for medicine, music, archery, hunting, and prophesy.
- Zeus – Zeus was the only one of Cronus and Rhea’s children whom Cronus didn’t swallow. He latered freed his siblings and became king of the gods. He was raised independently on a cave that some believe to be on the modern-day island of Crete.
- Hera – Hera became Zeus’s wife and together, Zeus and Hera had several children including Ares, Hebe, Eileithyia, Hephaestus, Eris, Angelos, and Eros. Hera is known for her jealousy and often took revenge against Zeus’s mistresses.
- Poseidon – Poseidon was the god of the sea and was known for being powerful. His power was mainly generated from his trident.
- Hades – Hades was the god of the underworld and he had a wife, Persephone, who was the daughter of Demeter. He was the oldest of Cronus’s sons and the last to be regurgitated after Zeus freed them.
- Hestia – Hestia was the goddess of the hearth, architecture, and domesticity. She was honored in nearly every household in Ancient Greece.
- Demeter – Demeter was the goddess of the harvest, and she was also Persephone’s mother. Her grief over losing her daughter for part of the year to the Underworld with Hades is said to have caused the seasons.
As you can see, each of Cronus’s children had an important part in Greek mythology.
Categorized in: Greek Mythology
This post was written by Greek Boston