About Thessaloniki, Greece
Thessaloniki is the second-largest city in Greece. The city is located on the Thermaic Gulf at the northwestern corner of the Aegean Sea. The city is prone to geological changes thanks to its close proximity to mountain ranges, hills, and fault lines. Since medieval times, Thessaloniki has been hit by strong earthquakes. In June of 1978, Thessaloniki suffered a series of earthquakes that ranged from 5.5 and 6.5 on the Richter scale.
Thessaloniki was founded in 315 BC by Cassander of Macedon. The city was named after princess Thessalonike of Macedon, who was the half-sister of Alexander the Great. During the Roman period it was an important metropolis. In 1430, Thessaloniki was conquered by the Ottomans. In 1912, the city of Thessaloniki was passed from the Ottoman Empire to Greece.
The Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917 destroyed much of the old city. The fire was started accidentally in an unattended kitchen on August 18. 72,000 people were left homeless after the fire, many of them Jewish. Because so many businesses were destroyed, jobs were also lost. Rebuilding after the fire did not happen quickly. The government took this time to plan a complete redesign of the city of Thessaloniki. They wanted to create a European-style urban plan. A group of architects, including Thomas Mawson, would go about creating the plan for the new city.
During World War II, Thessaloniki was faced more damages with over 800 buildings being destroyed and 231 people killed in November 1940 alone when Fascist Italy attempted to take the city. They would ultimately fail, but the city would fall to Nazi Germany in 1941. Jewish residents would soon be taken to concentration camps and the gas chambers. After the war, Thessaloniki would be rebuilt again. Several early Christian and Byzantine monuments have been added to the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Area of Thessaloniki, Greece
19.307 km2 (7.454 sq mi)
Population of Thessaloniki, Greece
Top Attractions in Thessaloniki, Greece
- Museum for Macedonian Struggle – A historical museum aimed at preserving the local history and culture of Macedonia. Located in the city center of Thessaloniki. Housed in a 19th century Neoclassical building designed by Ernst Ziller.
- Castle of Thessaloniki – Also called Yedi Kule. Dating back three centuries before the birth of Christ the ruins of the castle are something to explore. The view from the castle is also worth seeing.
- Agios Nikolaos Organos Church – Located in the Old Town. Known as Ano Poli to the locals. Church features paintings from the 1300s, graves, and a marble temple.
- Aristotle Square – Located on Nikis Avenue, Aristotle Square is a product of The Great Fire. Built in the 1950s after much planning. A relaxing area with views of the sea, coffee shops, and plenty of sites to see as you stroll around.
- Agia Triada Beach – Located about 22 km from the city. Close to villages Nea Michaniona and Epanomi, which are worth exploring a little as well. Beach is pristine, well-organized, and scenic.
- White Tower – The White Tower is a historical landmark. It has become a well-known symbol of Thessaloniki. Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent had it built in the 1500s.
- Arch of Galerius – Also a symbol of Thessaloniki. The Roman Emporer Galerius had it built to his palace with the main road. A historical site that will take you back to the Roman Empire.
- Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki – Features an impressive collection of artifacts from prehistory and ancient times. Focus is on Ancient Greece and Macedon. Museum consists of a number of floors to explore.
- The Heptapyrgion – A grand fortress that serves as a reminder of the Ottoman presence in Thessaloniki. The name means “Fortress of the Seven Towers.” Until the late 1800s it served as a military base and then as a prison until 1989.
- The Roman Forum – Discovered in the 1960s. The forum consisted of a theatre for gladiator games and two baths. It’s thought the Roman Forum was used until the 6th
BELOW ARE INTERESTING ARTICLES ABOUT THESSALONIKI, GREECE:
When traveling to Greece, people often gloss over Thessaloniki in favor of other destinations, such as Athens. However, ask people what their favorite Greek travel d... Read More
Thessaloniki is one of the biggest cities in Greece, just second behind Athens, the country’s capital city. It is also the home of on of the country’s bi... Read More
Thessaloniki, the second largest city of Greece, boasts a number of beautiful beaches. The beaches have been awarded the Blue Flag for the excellent waters. If you a... Read More
While in Thessalonik, there are a lot of great things to do. Sure, there are some great landmarks to explore, beaches to visit, and museums to spend time at. There..... Read More
Thessaloniki is on of those cities that has its own special charm. Like many parts of Greece, this city is at once modern and ancient, and this blend adds to... Read More
Thessaloniki is known for being a cultural hub. As the second largest city in Greece, there is no shortage of things to do. While here, you can enjoy the wide... Read More
As Greece’s second largest city, there is certainly no shortage of things to do in Thessaloniki. In fact, it’s an ideal city for people of all ages! The... Read More
Although there is plenty to do in Thessaloniki during your stay, the area is filled with worthwhile excursions. When you need a break from enjoying the sites from wi... Read More
One of the things travelers love most about Thessaloniki, Greece is a stroll along the beach promenade where the inner side leads to its storied neighborhoods. There... Read More
Thessaloniki is Greece’s second largest city, but it is often overshadowed by Athens so visitors don’t often make their way here. However, it is absolute... Read More
Thessaloniki is one of those cities that has enchanted people for centuries. As a result of this, it has a diverse history. At once an historical city and a place...... Read More
Thessaloniki is a city with a rich tradition of art and culture. If you want to explore this side of the Greek city while visiting Thessaloniki, you will want to... ... Read More
Thessaloniki is a Greek city that full of history and beauty. It is also the second largest city in Greece, which means that there are plenty of sites to see... Read More
Thessaloniki is the second-largest city in Greece, and as a result of this, there is plenty to see and do while here. Long seen as a cultural epicenter, there are...... Read More
Thessaloniki is known for being a cultural center of Greece. The National Theater of Northern Greece is a national and cultural treasure of Greece and Thessaloniki. ... Read More
Vlatadon Monastery was founded in the mid 14th century by two brothers, Markus and Dorotheus. Its located at the top of the Old Town of Thessaloniki, a port city in.... Read More
Thessaloniki is home to many exciting attractions. As the second largest city in Greece, there is certainly no shortage of things to do. If you’re looking for ... Read More
A fire that broke out in 1917 spread quickly throughout the city of Thessaloniki and destroyed about two-thirds of the city. Due to the Great Thessaloniki Fire of 19... Read More
Thessaloniki is a city that is a mecca of arts, culture, and innovation. As the city is a major economic hub in the geographic region of Macedonia, it also is... Read More
If you’ve never been to Greece, chances are the first stop on your tour is Athens. As one of the oldest cities in the Western World, Greece is bursting with... Read More
Thessaloniki is often referred to as Greece’s Second City, and it is the second largest city behind Athens. However, saying that it is the “Second City... Read More
Thessaloniki is known for being a dynamic, youthful, and cultural city. As with most of Greece, there are also ties to the past here. As it turns out, there is... Read More
Thessaloniki is the second largest city in Greece, which means that there is plenty here to do and see. Not only is it located in a physical beautiful area of... Read More
There was a time when Greece was part of the Byzantine Empire, which was also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire. This period of time lasted from 330 AD... Read More
Although not as big as Athens, Thessaloniki is still considered to be one of the largest cities in Greece. It also has a rich history and is considered to have... Read More
Thessaloniki, Greece is a metropolis, a mosaic of many cultures and civilizations. Thessaloniki is a city that offers history, culture, and impressive monuments. The... Read More
Thessaloniki, Greece is known for its impressive history that features many civilizations and cultures. One way to experience this side of Thessaloniki is through it... Read More
Second in size and population only to Athens,Thessaloniki, as a whole, is one of the most interesting cities in all of Greece. It is also one of those places where..... Read More
One thing that Thessaloniki is known for is that it is a hub of political activity in Greece. Although it is considered a smaller city than Athens, this city does...... Read More
Thessaloniki boasts natural beauty that begins with the beautiful waters that you’re never too far from. Wherever you are, you are sure to catch of glimpse of ... Read More
Thessaloniki, Greece is rich in history and this is reflected in the numerous sites to see while visiting the city. The Macedonian tombs, castles, monasteries, and a... Read More
The island of Kefalonia is home to pristine beaches, breathtaking mountains, and traditional villages. Kefalonia, Greece is rich in history and culture. The island i... Read More
Are you going to visit Thessaloniki? If so, you’ll want to make sure to visit Aristotle Square, which is located near the center of the city. This is one of...... Read More
Thessaloniki, Greece boasts a rich and fascinating history. You can experience this history through the archaeological sites, castles, monasteries, and museums. The ... Read More
Located in Thessaloniki, the Archaeological Museum is one of the most important museums in the city. Thessaloniki is rich in Ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine culture ... Read More
Thessaloniki is often a city that is overshadowed by Athens, but it shouldn’t be since it has a charm all its own. Since it is smaller than Athens, this tends.... Read More
Thessaloniki, Greece is the second largest city in Greece. It is a city is rich in culture. If you are interested in art, you’ll want to visit the Macedonian M... Read More
Thessaloniki is one of those cities that has a lot to offer since it is both a modern city and an historical one. Like most places in Greece, it is... Read More
Thessaloniki is one of those cities that offers visitors and locals a nice mix of things to do. It is looked at as a fairly upbeat and optimistic city as... Read More
Greece’s second largest city, Thessaloniki, provides a treasure trove of historical sites that are akin, yet different to those found in Athens, Sparta and the... Read More
Thessaloniki is one of those cities that is absolutely worth a visit. There’s so much to do it can be difficult to choose. If you love history, you should visi... Read More
One of the largest cities in Greece, Thessaloniki is known as much for its youthful enthusiasm as it is its rich history and traditions. As part of Greece’s st... Read More
The Museum for Macedonian Struggle is a historical museum in the center of the city of Thessaloniki in Central Macedonia, Greece. The museum aims to preserve the loc... Read More
Thessaloniki, Greece is a city of is rich in culture, history, and amazing experiences. Thessaloniki is the ideal destination if you want to step back in time and se... Read More
In Thessaloniki, Greece, you will find yourself in awe of the many natural beauties and monuments. It is the second largest city in Greece, but it also has some amaz... Read More
Thessaloniki, Greece is rich in history, monuments, and exceptional beauty. Thessaloniki is blessed with a variety of natural beauty. The lakes, the mountains, and t... Read More
Thessaloniki, Greece has a long and interesting music history. Thessaloniki has been inhabited by a mosaic of people since the start. They are brought their musical ... Read More
In Greece, football is the most popular sport. When visiting Thessaloniki, you will find this to be true. A visit to Toumba Stadium will be an experience you aren... Read More
Each year, there are plenty of memorable film festivals that take place throughout the world. Some festivals, like the International Film Festival in Thessaloniki, a... Read More