About Thessaloniki, Greece
Thessaloniki is the second-largest city in Greece. The city is located on the Thermaic Gulf at the northwestern corner of the Aegean Sea. The city is prone to geological changes thanks to its close proximity to mountain ranges, hills, and fault lines. Since medieval times, Thessaloniki has been hit by strong earthquakes. In June of 1978, Thessaloniki suffered a series of earthquakes that ranged from 5.5 and 6.5 on the Richter scale.
Thessaloniki was founded in 315 BC by Cassander of Macedon. The city was named after princess Thessalonike of Macedon, who was the half-sister of Alexander the Great. During the Roman period it was an important metropolis. In 1430, Thessaloniki was conquered by the Ottomans. In 1912, the city of Thessaloniki was passed from the Ottoman Empire to Greece.
The Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917 destroyed much of the old city. The fire was started accidentally in an unattended kitchen on August 18. 72,000 people were left homeless after the fire, many of them Jewish. Because so many businesses were destroyed, jobs were also lost. Rebuilding after the fire did not happen quickly. The government took this time to plan a complete redesign of the city of Thessaloniki. They wanted to create a European-style urban plan. A group of architects, including Thomas Mawson, would go about creating the plan for the new city.
During World War II, Thessaloniki was faced more damages with over 800 buildings being destroyed and 231 people killed in November 1940 alone when Fascist Italy attempted to take the city. They would ultimately fail, but the city would fall to Nazi Germany in 1941. Jewish residents would soon be taken to concentration camps and the gas chambers. After the war, Thessaloniki would be rebuilt again. Several early Christian and Byzantine monuments have been added to the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Area of Thessaloniki, Greece
19.307 km2 (7.454 sq mi)
Population of Thessaloniki, Greece
Weather in Thessaloniki, Greece
Map of Thessaloniki, Greece
Top Attractions in Thessaloniki, Greece
- Museum for Macedonian Struggle – A historical museum aimed at preserving the local history and culture of Macedonia. Located in the city center of Thessaloniki. Housed in a 19th century Neoclassical building designed by Ernst Ziller.
- Castle of Thessaloniki – Also called Yedi Kule. Dating back three centuries before the birth of Christ the ruins of the castle are something to explore. The view from the castle is also worth seeing.
- Agios Nikolaos Organos Church – Located in the Old Town. Known as Ano Poli to the locals. Church features paintings from the 1300s, graves, and a marble temple.
- Aristotle Square – Located on Nikis Avenue, Aristotle Square is a product of The Great Fire. Built in the 1950s after much planning. A relaxing area with views of the sea, coffee shops, and plenty of sites to see as you stroll around.
- Agia Triada Beach – Located about 22 km from the city. Close to villages Nea Michaniona and Epanomi, which are worth exploring a little as well. Beach is pristine, well-organized, and scenic.
- White Tower – The White Tower is a historical landmark. It has become a well-known symbol of Thessaloniki. Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent had it built in the 1500s.
- Arch of Galerius – Also a symbol of Thessaloniki. The Roman Emporer Galerius had it built to his palace with the main road. A historical site that will take you back to the Roman Empire.
- Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki – Features an impressive collection of artifacts from prehistory and ancient times. Focus is on Ancient Greece and Macedon. Museum consists of a number of floors to explore.
- The Heptapyrgion – A grand fortress that serves as a reminder of the Ottoman presence in Thessaloniki. The name means “Fortress of the Seven Towers.” Until the late 1800s it served as a military base and then as a prison until 1989.
- The Roman Forum – Discovered in the 1960s. The forum consisted of a theatre for gladiator games and two baths. It’s thought the Roman Forum was used until the 6th
BELOW ARE INTERESTING ARTICLES ABOUT THESSALONIKI, GREECE:
The Museum for Macedonian Struggle is a historical museum in the center of the city of Thessaloniki in Central Macedonia, Greece. The museum aims to preserve the loc... Read More
Each year, there are plenty of memorable film festivals that take place throughout the world. Some festivals, like the International Film Festival in Thessaloniki, a... Read More
Second in size and population only to Athens,Thessaloniki, as a whole, is one of the most interesting cities in all of Greece. It is also one of those places where t... Read More
One thing that Thessaloniki is known for is that it is a hub of political activity in Greece. Although it is considered a smaller city than Athens, this city does ha... Read More
Thessaloniki is one of the biggest cities in Greece, just second behind Athens, the country’s capital city. It is also the home of on of the country’s bi... Read More
Are you going to visit Thessaloniki? If so, you’ll want to make sure to visit Aristotle Square, which is located near the center of the city. This is one of th... Read More
Thessaloniki is often a city that is overshadowed by Athens, but it shouldn’t be since it has a charm all its own. Since it is smaller than Athens, this tends ... Read More
Thessaloniki is often referred to as Greece’s Second City, and it is the second largest city behind Athens. However, saying that it is the “Second City... Read More
Thessaloniki is Greece’s second largest city, but it is often overshadowed by Athens so visitors don’t often make their way here. However, it is absolute... Read More
Thessaloniki is known for being a dynamic, youthful, and cultural city. As with most of Greece, there are also ties to the past here. As it turns out, there is more ... Read More
Thessaloniki is one of those cities that has enchanted people for centuries. As a result of this, it has a diverse history. At once an historical city and a place wh... Read More
Thessaloniki is one of those cities that has a lot to offer since it is both a modern city and an historical one. Like most places in Greece, it is an historical cit... Read More
Thessaloniki is one of those cities that offers visitors and locals a nice mix of things to do. It is looked at as a fairly upbeat and optimistic city as compared to... Read More
Thessaloniki is on of those cities that has its own special charm. Like many parts of Greece, this city is at once modern and ancient, and this blend adds to its app... Read More
Greece’s second largest city, Thessaloniki, provides a treasure trove of historical sites that are akin, yet different to those found in Athens, Sparta and the... Read More
One of the largest cities in Greece, Thessaloniki is known as much for its youthful enthusiasm as it is its rich history and traditions. As part of Greece’s st... Read More
There was a time when Greece was part of the Byzantine Empire, which was also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire. This period of time lasted from 330 AD to 1453... Read More
Although not as big as Athens, Thessaloniki is still considered to be one of the largest cities in Greece. It also has a rich history and is considered to have been ... Read More
Although there is plenty to do in Thessaloniki during your stay, the area is filled with worthwhile excursions. When you need a break from enjoying the sites from wi... Read More
As Greece’s second largest city, there is certainly no shortage of things to do in Thessaloniki. In fact, it’s an ideal city for people of all ages! The... Read More
Thessaloniki, the second largest city of Greece, boasts a number of beautiful beaches. The beaches have been awarded the Blue Flag for the excellent waters. If you a... Read More
When traveling to Greece, people often gloss over Thessaloniki in favor of other destinations, such as Athens. However, ask people what their favorite Greek travel d... Read More
St. Demetrios is one of the most popular saints of all Orthodoxy and the patron saint of so many Orthodox Christians. Demetrios was born to a noble family in Macedon... Read More
A fire that broke out in 1917 spread quickly throughout the city of Thessaloniki and destroyed about two-thirds of the city. Due to the Great Thessaloniki Fire of 19... Read More
Thessaloniki is a city that is a mecca of arts, culture, and innovation. As the city is a major economic hub in the geographic region of Macedonia, it also is home t... Read More
If you’ve never been to Greece, chances are the first stop on your tour is Athens. As one of the oldest cities in the Western World, Greece is bursting with histor... Read More
Thessaloniki is Northern Greece’s liveliest town and is second only to Athens in terms of cultural events, nightlife, shopping, and dining. As Northern Greece’s ... Read More
Thessaloniki is the second largest city in Greece. It is the capital of Macedonia, the region in Greece. Founded in 315 B.C., it has a rich history. It’s often cal... Read More